About languages

Votic and Ingrian are Finnic languages (the Finno-Ugric group of the Uralic family). Votic is a southern Finnic language mostly close to Estonian. Ingrian belongs to the northern group and is most closely related to Finnish and Karelian.

 

According to Köppen (1867), there were 5148 Votes and 18489 Ingrians as of 1848. At present, both languages are almost extinct. We estimate the number of current Votic speakers as a range from 0 to 5 depending on the language capacity (there are no fluent speakers left). The number of Ingrian speakers is around 20 people. With rarest exceptions, these are very elderly people.

 

The last speakers of Votic represented the Western dialect. Eastern, Central, and Krevin Votic dialects were extinct before we started working with Votic. Among the Ingrian dialects, Soikkola and Lower Luga Ingrian are still spoken; Oredezhi and Heva dialects are extinct.